Hemp is a much more suitable basis for paper production, since it contains a much higher percentage of cellulose than wood raw materials, and the process of its isolation from the plant mass is much easier and requires much less cost than is necessary for the production of wood paper. Hemp raw material contains up to 85% of cellulose, whereas in wood its quantity, as a rule, reaches only 30%.
To date, more than 90% of the world paper
market is produced from wood pulp. At the same time, the reasons why wood is still used for the production of paper products are not convincing. Wood raw materials contain a relatively small amount of cellulose and must undergo a significant degree of processing in order to meet the modern requirements of paper products. In turn, cannabis, of course, is a worthy and more reliable alternative to wood pulp, having, undoubtedly, a decisive advantage for the market - cheap.
The process of producing hemp paper
is similar to how paper
made from wood pulp is produced. The hemp fibers
are crushed, processed to obtain a homogeneous pulp, then it is poured into the appropriate forming layers, pressing and drying which subsequently produce paper
from hemp raw materials.
Until the middle of the 19th century, hemp was the main material used for making paper
. The history of the use of this raw material for the production of paper products goes back thousands of years and begins in the first century AD, when the first paper document on hemp basis was made in China
Features of the application of hemp paper
Hemp is a much more suitable basis for paper
production, since it contains a much higher percentage of cellulose than wood raw materials, and the process of its isolation from the plant mass is much easier and requires much less cost than is necessary for the production of wood paper
. Hemp raw material contains up to 85% of cellulose, whereas in wood its quantity, as a rule, reaches only 30%.
One of the main uses of hemp pulp in Europe
is its use as tissue paper
. The use of hemp raw material for the production of cigarette paper
enables manufacturers to produce particularly thin samples that have strength characteristics sufficient to be in rather severe operating conditions (in pockets, bags, etc.).
Despite the fact that hemp-based paper
is currently not so common, since several centuries ago, it is still used to produce office paper
. It should be noted that the volumes of such products take up only a few percent of the total volume of the pulp and paper market. Now in the world, cannabis paper
is made by only a few dozen companies that actively use hemp raw materials for the production of various types of paper used in traditional paperwork. In particular, several manufacturers of pulp and paper products in the United States
began to manufacture their products, actively using hemp raw materials. For example, Living Tree Paper adds up to 10% of cannabis to its products; Greenfield Paper Company - produces a significant range of products from hemp paper
(business cards, packaging, packaging, etc.).
Design paperboard (art paper)
Until now, hemp paper
is actively used by representatives of art and art, primarily artists whose paintings have artistic value and are recognized as picturesque creations. In particular, hemp paper
allows you to create not only very "gentle" or "strong" pictures, but can maintain the brightness of colors for a long period of time. Many contemporary artists greatly like to create posters, labels, stamps designed for use for an extremely long period of time. Usually this type of hemp-based design paper
is sold white or natural gray without any additional inscriptions. It is necessary to specify separately that the classics of contemporary art Rembrandt and Van Gogh created their masterpieces exclusively on hemp paper
The use of hemp paper in the archives
made from wood pulp has a significant number of drawbacks that do not allow it to be used for archiving. It is in this area that the positive qualities of hemp paper
are manifested - the ability to store for an extremely long time. Due to the low acidity and small amounts of lignin, hemp paper
does not turn yellow over the centuries and remains white.
The tea bags must be porous, but keep their shape in the course of interaction with moisture. Ordinary paper "creeps" when interacting with water, in view of which standard tea bags are made from a mixture containing wood, hemp fibers
, as well as plastic polymers. In recent years, manufacturers of tea bags have appeared in the market, producing reusable hemp bags that are easy to clean and re-fill.
Banknotes must have extraordinary strength characteristics, since they are subjected to a significant number of mechanical influences - folding. Traditionally, hemp fibers
were used to strengthen the strength characteristics of monetary denominations. Over the past five years, economically developed countries are experimenting with the composition of banknote paper, often including hemp fiber
in a blended composition. As an example, you can bring dollar notes, which throughout its history used hemp to increase the strength characteristics of the US currency.
As well as tea bags, modern filter paper should be porous and stable. Filters from hemp paper in the market are actively used for filtering various kinds of food products (coffee, oil, etc.). Another advantage of filter paper from cannabis
is its ability to improve the filtration process, which distinguishes it from the positive side of filters made of polymer materials, as well as from various kinds of metals or other materials of plant origin.
Clean cellulose is the ideal raw material for the manufacture of various hygiene products (cotton wool, tampons
, gaskets, nappies, napkins, etc.). The fact that hemp has a high resistance to rupture, as well as antimicrobial, antifungal, hypoallergenic properties, makes hemp cellulose an ideal raw material for the production of various types of hygiene products
, minimizing the risk of irritation of various sensitive parts of the human body.
Currently, most manufacturers of pulp- Paper products do not produce products from 100% hemp cellulose. Hemp is usually mixed with other types of raw materials (wood, polymers, etc.) in order to create separate products with special properties. That is why a small paper market from hemp raw materials
is still limited in the above-mentioned spheres of production, although it has great potential for further growth.
Information taken from the site http://tku.org.ua